EIRUV IN MOSCOW
“Mixing the Yards” is an action established by the sages to enable us to transfer objects on Shabbat in the common yard, to bring them from the yard to private houses and to take them out of the houses into the yard.
As known, there are 39 works prohibited on Shabbat. One of them, “otsaa” (literally “moving”), includes the transfer of items from private ownership (“rshut a-yachid”) to the public (“rshut a-rabim”), their removal from public ownership to private, as well as their transfer inside public domain. All this is prohibited only if public ownership is not fenced.
But if it is surrounded by a fence in accordance with certain requirements, then in the framework of the laws on “otsaa” it is equated to a private territory.
What requirements must the fence meet in order to be allowed to move items on Saturday? This is a central issue in the laws of eiruv. Therefore, the fence itself is called “eiruv”, because thanks to it the “mixing” of private and public possessions takes place, that is, the boundaries between them are erased.
Within the limits of the eruv, only the ban on carrying is lifted, so the eruv does not make it possible to transfer muktzeh – items that are forbidden to be carried to Shabbat even at home or to violate other Saturday prohibitions. Accordingly, even within the limits of the eiruv, you cannot move with an umbrella, mobile phone or wallet, by car or public transport. But with a book, a stroller or a bottle, for example, it is allowed to move around within the limits of the eiruv.
ERUV AROUND MOSCOW CHORAL SYNAGOGUE
Our new Moscow eruv, organized by Rabbi Avner Cohen and Rabbi Nachum Zicherman, was approved by Rabbi Mordechai Farkash from Bnei Brak.
As shown on the map, the eiruv does not include either side of the Garden Ring; carrying on any of its sidewalks (or, God forbid, on the roadway) is prohibited. This also means that, as a rule, carrying along lanes perpendicular to the Garden Ring is possible until the last building in the lane, not inclusive. Sometimes the boundary of the eiruv ends even earlier (before reaching the Garden Ring), such as on Pokrovka or Furmanny Lane. These places are indicated on the map. In some cases, it is possible to carry only on one side of the street, such as at the end of Pokrovka, where the eruv ends on one side of the sidewalk than on the other (on the western sidewalk to house 45 inclusive, on the east to house 48 not inclusive).
You should also pay attention to the boundary of the eruv, which runs along B. Spasoglinischevsky, B. Zlatoustinsky, Myasnitskaya, Zemlyanoy Val and Serebryanicheskaya embankment (with small branches).
On the streets-boundaries of the eiruv, it is possible to carry only on the segment between the house 24/7s1 on Myasnitskaya street and the house 13/3s1 on Solyanka street inclusive.
All other streets along which the eruv border runs are not included in it and cannot be carried along them.
Moscow, B. Spasoglinischevsky lane., 10с1
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